International freight shipping in Townsville is a complex procedure that requires the services of an international freight forwarder.
A freight forwarder is essentially a company or a person whose duties are to organize shipments of corporations or individuals, and to get large orders from manufacturers to the market or to the final point of distribution.
Freight Shipping Company in Townsville contract carriers to facilitate the shipment of goods. The forwarder himself is not a carrier per se, but is skilled in supply chain management. Basically, these forwarders can be thought of as a travel agency for the cargo industry or as a third party logistics provider.
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Freight Shipping can be booked for a whole host of carrier types, which include ships, trucks, planes and railroads. Some shipments can use multiple carrier types on route before it reaches its designated destination.
Freight shipping in Townsville calls for very specific documentation as it has to go through multiple custom checks before being allowed to pass through. The forwarder would organize the carriage of your international shipment, along with helping the handling and processing of all the necessary paperwork. International forwarders also make sure that your shipment is arriving at the correct place at the specified time.
An international freight Company in Townsville should traditionally guide you through the complicated process of international shipping, as they are the experts on the international freight shipping process. This way you can understand and aid your shipment and your freight forwarding company can benefit from this information.
A day in the life of a freight forwarder would consist of the following tasks:
The primary task of a Freight Shipping Company at work would be conversations and negotiations with clients and warehouses that they deal with worldwide. This is because they need to gather information for the purpose of passing it on to the concerned parties that they are doing business with or need to report to as authorities. These would include an SSL – Steam Ship Line, the United States Customs or they might even be the customer themselves.
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What do you need to know about shipping freight internationally? We've got a few common questions (and answers) here.
1. What is Ocean Freight?
Most freight shipped intercontinental is transported via sea vessel in containers. This is rarely the only component to international shipping however. A reference to ocean freight cost usually refers only to the cost associated with the actual ocean-crossing portion of the shipment. Transportation of the freight to and from container yards at the ports of origin and destination is provided by trucks and are not part of an ocean freight charge. (Depending upon the destination country, a freight transportation management service can provide assistance with inland transportation after the container is unloaded at the port as well.)
2. Surcharges in Ocean Freight
Additional charges included in an international ocean freight price quote will generally include basic sea freight charges to cover the port-to-port transportation, a fuel surcharge, security charges, documentation fees and container delivery charges.
3. What is a Container Yard (CY)?
A Container Yard (CY) is a facility at which loaded and empty freight containers are accepted for loading onboard vessels. Containers are also off-loaded and stored at CYs.
4. What is FOB?
FOB stands for Free on Board. It is used to indicate when liability and ownership of goods is transferred from a seller to a buyer. In international shipping, "FOB [name of originating port]" means that the seller (consignor) is responsible for transportation of the goods to the port of shipment and the cost of loading. The buyer (consignee) pays the costs of ocean freight, insurance, unloading, and transportation from the arrival port to the final destination. The seller passes the risk to the buyer when the goods are loaded at the originating port.
5. What is "Live Load" and "Drop and Pick"?
When getting a price quote for international shipping, specifically for ocean freight, a shipper should be sure to know the difference between live load and drop and pick. Pricing and responsibilities are different with each option.
In a live load arrangement, a driver will transport an empty freight container to the shipper. After the shipper loads the container, the driver will secure and seal the container for transport. There is generally a time limit in which the load must be completed without additional cost.
If a shipper chooses a drop and pick, the driver will deliver a freight container, leaving it for a few days. After it is loaded, the driver is called back to retrieve it and take it to the appropriate container yard (CY). This option is generally more expensive unless the loading location is very close to the CY.
6. What are the necessary shipping documents used in international shipping?
The international shipping experts at a freight transportation management service can assist any shipper with all shipping documents required by a carrier and/or by law.
Some common documents required in an international shipment are bill of lading (BOL), a commercial invoice or valued inventory list, packing list with pieces, weight and packing materials described, fumigation certificate, visa/quota, certificate of origin, hazardous materials declaration and other legal documents.
7. What is an ocean freight Bill of Lading?
An Ocean Freight Bill of Lading (BOL) is a document issued by the carrier indicating that certain goods have been received on board for transport to a specific place and consignee. The BOL is legally significant because it represents the contract between carrier and shipper. It also serves as receipt and document of title to the goods.
8. What is SED (Shipper's Export Declaration)?
Many shippers must also complete a Shipper's Export Declaration or SED. An SED is a form used by the U.S. Government to compile export statistics for the country. Certain shipments are exempt from reporting. The form is available from the U.S. Census Department. Ask your freight transportation management service for more information on SEDs.
9. Is ocean freight insured?
Most ocean freight carriers contractually limit their liability for damage to cargo. The dollar limitation varies from carrier to carrier but is typically relatively low. A shipper should be sure to find out exactly what the limitation is before shipping.
The shipper should then probably purchase extra insurance for the shipment prior to tendering the cargo to the carrier. Questions about coverage and insurance certificates can be answered by your service representative.
International shipping quotes are easily available through our web-based freight transportation management service online quoting system. After a shipper has had the opportunity to compare available shipping options, any additional questions can be handled directly by our experienced personnel.
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There are several differences between shipping items with an Air freight company and shipping with an LTL carrier. As you may guess, the main difference is the mode of transportation that is used to move product from the origin point to the final destination. LTL carriers use a network of trucks consolidating freight along the way through their break bulk points before the product is finally delivered. Air carriers use a group of local trucks to pick up and deliver the freight, but utilize a network of airlines (both commercial and cargo) to do the bulk of the freights movement. By comparing the basic transportation difference, you can probably also determine the next main difference in shipping with an LTL carrier vs. shipping through an Air carrier; that would be transit time.
Air carriers can also offer something the LTL carriers cannot, which is next day or 2nd day services from any origin point in the US to any US destination point. Due to the way LTL carriers network their equipment, it would be very difficult for an LTL carrier to provide next day or 2ND day services for shipments moving over 500 miles. Also, air carriers can provide guaranteed delivery dates for next day and 2nd day shipments. This is a very good service that fits a customer's need to get product to the final destination quickly and on time. This type of service does introduce us to the third main difference in shipping LTL vs. air and that is price.
Air carriers will provide very quick transit times and can easily guarantee delivery dates, but in comparison to the cost of shipping a product LTL, shipping via air freight can be very expensive. This type of service is not something a customer will use on a regular basis but can be very helpful in a time of need.
One other difference between LTL freight and air freight is how a customer's price is calculated. LTL carriers take into account the origin and destination zip codes, the products total weight and freight class. Air carriers calculate rates based on the origin zip code, destination zip code, and the products total weight and dimensions. Freight class is not used to calculate air freight. Air freight rate shipments based on a per pound rate based on the greater of either the shipments actual weight or the dimensional weight.
To calculate a products dimensional weight, you will multiply the shipments length, width and height (in inches) and then divide the total by 194. You then would compare that number against the shipments actual weight. The greater amount of the two is what you would use to calculate the total cost.
Dimensional weight example: A customer has a shipment that weighs 1000 lbs and is 48" long X 58" wide X 72" high. To find out which is greater, the dimensional weight or the actual weight, you would use the below equation:
(L) 48 * (W) 58 * (H) 72 = 200,488
200,488/194 = 1033 dim weight
In this example, the product's dimensional weight is greater than the products actual weight. One thing that LTL carriers and Air carriers have in common is the fact that they are renting out container space on the vehicle they are moving the product with. If a product has a dimensional weight that is greater than the actual weight, the carrier must be able to make up for potential lost revenue.